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More ways to get Braingle...

For The Love of Calculators!

Probability puzzles require you to weigh all the possibilities and pick the most likely outcome.

 

Puzzle ID:#45221
Fun:*** (2.64)
Difficulty:** (2)
Category:Probability
Submitted By:Fhqwhgads*us****

 

 

 



Little Billy has a calculator with 15 buttons. He has 10 keys for 0-9, a key for addition, multiplication, division, and subtraction. Finally, he has an = sign. However, Mark the Meanie messed up the programming on Billy's calculator. Now, whenever Billy presses any of the number keys, it comes up with a random single-digit number. The same goes for the four operations keys (+,-,x, /). So whenever Billy tries to press the + button, the calculator chooses randomly between addition, multiplication, subtraction, and division. The only key left untouched was the = sign.

Now, if Billy were to press one number key, one operation key, then another number key, then the = button, what are the chances the answer comes out to 6?



Answer

There is a 4% chance.

There are 16 possible ways to get 6.

0+6
1+5
2+4
3+3
6+0
5+1
4+2
9-3
8-2
7-1
6-0
1x6
2x3
6x1
3x2
6/1

There are 400 possible button combinations.

When Billy presses any number key, there are 10 possibilities; when he presses any operation key, there are 4 possibilities.

10(1st#)x4(Operation)x10(2nd#)=400

16 working combinations/400 possible combinations= .04 or 4%

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