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Tricky Substitution Equation
Category:  Trick 
Submitted By:  eighsse 
Fun:  (2.38) 
Difficulty:  (2.84) 
Karl and his friend Larry are always pulling trick brain teasers on each other. Larry has been getting the best of Karl all too often lately, so Karl really wants to get him back. He comes up with a good one, and writes the following on a piece of paper:
" YXZ
 YXY
= Y"
He shows it to Larry, and says, "Each different letter in this equation stands for a different digit. All instances of a given letter stand for the same digit. There are multiple true solutions, but what is the greatest digit that Y can stand for in a true solution?" Larry scans the equation over and over. He can't come up with any way that the answer could not be 4. "The answer must be four," he says, with confidence. Karl smiles and replies, "Sorry, you're incorrect."
What is the correct answer?
Answer:
The answer is 8. Karl never said that the letters X, Y, and Z are used. Only the letters Y and Z are used in the equation, while the X's are actually multiplication signs. So the teaser actually reads: "Y times Z, minus Y times Y, equals Y," or YZ  Y^2 = Y
Y (ZY) = Y
ZY = 1
Z = Y+1
So, any digits can be used, as long as they are different and Z is one greater than Y. Z can be 9, with Y being 8, giving "9*8  8*8 = 8." This is true, so the answer is valid.
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