Circles in a triangleMath brain teasers require computations to solve.
Find the radius of the inscribed and circumscribed circles for a triangle.
AnswerLet a, b, and c be the sides of the triangle. Let s be the semiperimeter, i.e. s = (a + b + c) / 2. Let A be the area of the triangle, and let x be the radius of the incircle.
Divide the triangle into three smaller triangles by drawing a line segment from each vertex to the incenter. The areas of the smaller triangles are ax/2, bx/2, and cx/2. Thus, A = ax/2 + bx/2 + cx/2, or A = sx.
We use Heron`s formula, which is A = sqrt(s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c)). This gives us x = sqrt((s-a)(s-b)(s-c)/s).
The radius of the circumscribed circle is given by R = abc/4A.
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Posted by speedyg1000 on Dec 06, 2002|
Posted by Mogmatt16 on Nov 19, 2003|
dude, A teaser would have been nice.
Posted by canu on Jul 13, 2004|
Here we have a good example of the inadequacy of the present rating system for the teasers, which is by users choosing one of three levels.
This one should be rated: "for those who have mastered at least High School geometry".
The explanation of the answer is incomplete, and ought to have included a link to a relevant online geometry textbook.
Posted by Sane on Feb 11, 2005|
Boy was Braingle ever desperate in their first couple weeks of being open to teasers.
Posted by darthforman on May 11, 2005|
Posted by brianz on Jun 08, 2005|
Shouldn't it be Hero of Alexandria's Formula, not Heron?
Posted by nkatha23 on Nov 09, 2005|
Posted by SPUTNIK2 on Jan 25, 2006|
that teaser scared me!!
Posted by chata on Jan 26, 2006|
all of the above!!!
Posted by lessthanjake789 on Jan 29, 2006|
hate to be a jerk, it says find the radius of the circle, right? well, it doesn't give us numbers, so we want it in variables right? how about "x", teaser done with. Reread the text to see what i mean. the answer is X
Posted by keveffect1 on Feb 20, 2006|
Yikes I'm a freshman in college as a math major and did't know how to solve that (never heard of the formula you used either) I think I'll get back to my studies.....
Posted by say2joe on Mar 13, 2006|
Needs a better description of terminology. For example, explanation of misc. variables. For the sake of brevity, it is obvious that some idiosyncracies were ignored by the author. Good intentions with it though!
Posted by redraptor50 on Mar 18, 2006|
Great teaser .....I think, but good one....brain now fried
Posted by Vigo95 on Apr 05, 2006|
Posted by mmmcla01 on Apr 12, 2006|
Really confusing.....still working on it....doesn't make much sense to me...
Posted by Atypic4l on May 11, 2006|
I liked that problem. I must admit that I coudn't get the answer myself, but the explanation did make sense to me, a high school sophomore. I have only ever heard of Heron of Alexandria, not Hero. And a college student, let alone a math major, who is not familiar with Heron's formula is truly saddening.
Posted by udoboy on Jun 14, 2006|
Heron's formula and Hero's formula are the same thing. A = √s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c). It's not commonly taught for some reason. I had to stumble upon it when I went through every math book I could find in my college library. This teaser is hard, but the conclusion is correct.
Posted by jinzcarmela on May 22, 2007|
hey man your brain is too big!!! i thought that the answer will be a constant number... hahaha guess need to study more....
Posted by nascarfan19 on Jun 28, 2008|
i thought you could only find the radius and circumfrence of a circle
Posted by dalfamnest on Oct 11, 2009|
If I want this sort of question I'll open my geometry text book. A worthwhile question in context but is it really a suitable Braingle Teaser? Oh well, I enjoyed working it out!
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