- Monoalphabetic
- Caesar Cipher
- Atbash Cipher
- Keyword Cipher
- Pigpen / Masonic Cipher
- Polybius Square
- Polyalphabetic
- Vigenère Cipher
- Beaufort Cipher
- Autokey Cipher
- Running Key Cipher
- Polygraphic
- Playfair Cipher
- Bifid Cipher
- Trifid Cipher
- Four-square cipher
- Transposition
- Rail Fence
- Route Cipher
- Columnar Transposition
- Miscellaneous
- Book Cipher
- Beale Cipher
- Morse Code
- Tap Code
- One-time Pad
- Scytale
- Semaphore
- ASCII Code
- Steganography
- Techniques
- Frequency Analysis
- Books

### Codes and Ciphers
Codes and Ciphers
- Monoalphabetic
- Caesar Cipher
- Atbash Cipher
- Keyword Cipher
- Pigpen / Masonic Cipher
- Polybius Square
- Polyalphabetic
- Vigenère Cipher
- Beaufort Cipher
- Autokey Cipher
- Running Key Cipher
- Polygraphic
- Playfair Cipher
- Bifid Cipher
- Trifid Cipher
- Four-square cipher
- Transposition
- Rail Fence
- Route Cipher
- Columnar Transposition
- Miscellaneous
- Book Cipher
- Beale Cipher
- Morse Code
- Tap Code
- One-time Pad
- Scytale
- Semaphore
- ASCII Code
- Steganography
- Techniques
- Frequency Analysis
- Books

- Monoalphabetic
- Caesar Cipher
- Atbash Cipher
- Keyword Cipher
- Pigpen / Masonic Cipher
- Polybius Square
- Polyalphabetic
- Vigenère Cipher
- Beaufort Cipher
- Autokey Cipher
- Running Key Cipher
- Polygraphic
- Playfair Cipher
- Bifid Cipher
- Trifid Cipher
- Four-square cipher
- Transposition
- Rail Fence
- Route Cipher
- Columnar Transposition
- Miscellaneous
- Book Cipher
- Beale Cipher
- Morse Code
- Tap Code
- One-time Pad
- Scytale
- Semaphore
- ASCII Code
- Steganography
- Techniques
- Frequency Analysis
- Books

# Caesar Cipher

A Caesar cipher is one of the simplest (and easiest cracked) encryption methods. It is a Substitution Cipher that involves replacing each letter of the secret message with a different letter of the alphabet which is a fixed number of positions further in the alphabet.

Because each letter in the message has a direct translation to another letter, frequency analysis can be used to decipher the message. For example, the letter E is the most commonly used letter in the English language. Thus, if the most common letter in a secret message is K, it is likely that K represents E. Additionally, common word endings such as ING, LY, and ES also give clues.

A brute-force approach of trying all 25 possible combinations would also work to decipher the message.

**Example**

In this example, each letter in the plaintext message has been shifted 3 letters down in the alphabet.

Plaintext: This is a secret message

Ciphertext: wklv lv d vhfuhw phvvdjh

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